Last Updated: January 18, 2022
Part 3: Introduction to Fiber Optic Cable Assembly Manufacturing
Recognizing that there are quite a few connectors on the market that are actively being used in fiber optic installations, there are also some older types and discontinued connectors, not being used in the mainstream of data and telco markets, but used in more specialized applications.
In addition to the mainstream connectors are variants on the end face geometry such as Angle and Radius end faces for specific applications.
The most common of currently used connectors are:
LC, SC, MT/MPO and FC, while the older types such as SMA, ST, D4, Escon, Biconic, VF45 and MTRJ are still being used in the specialty applications and older installed fiber bases of similar connector types.
A high-density connector for fiber optic applications used in both public and private networks. This high-performance connector is available in both single mode and multimode.
Subscriber connector, a push/pull connector style that is recognized as the preferred optical fiber connector standard. It is available in simplex, duplex, hybrid, or hardened styles. The SC (Subscriber Carrier) fiber optic connector is one of three connectors (the other two are ST and SFF) approved by ANSI/TIA/EIA 568-B.3. The SC Connector’s main advantage is polarization since the connectors can be paired and keyed.
Multi-channel (4 to 72) connector from USConec (MPO is the generic version).
A connector type used primarily for Singlemode fiberoptic cable. It offers precise alignment of the cable with respect to the transmitter and detector. Using a threaded receptacle and a locator notch, once installed the position is maintained with absolute accuracy.
(Subminiature A): 50 ohm - subminiature coaxial connector with screw-type coupling mechanism. Frequency range DC-18 GHz.
Type of connector used on fiber optic cable utilizing a spring-loaded twist and lock coupling similar to the BNC connectors used with coaxial cabling.
D4 connectors are made from a 2.5mm diameter ceramic (zirconia) ferrule for durability and one of the older generation connectors which is keyed, and spring-loaded and has a 2mm diameter ferrule.
ESCON (Enterprise Systems Connection) is a data connection created by IBM, and is commonly used to connect their mainframe computers to peripheral devices such as disk storage and tape drives. ESCON is an optical fiber, half-duplex, serial interface. … ESCON was introduced by IBM in the early 1990s.
A phenolic-bodied, threaded, spring-loaded, non-keyed connector with a cone-shaped alignment area.
Duplex fiber connectors are primarily used in fiber-to-the-desk LAN applications.
MT-RJ connector. MT-RJ connector. A fiber-optic cable connector that is very popular for small form factor devices due to its small size. Housing two fibers and mating together with locating pins on the plug, the MT-RJ comes from the MT connector, which can contain up to 12 fibers.
European and Japanese Connectors
European and Japanese Connectors are more widely used in specific parts of the world besides Europe and Japan. These are the DIN, E2000 and MU connectors.
DIN connector is an electrical connector that was originally standardized in the early 1970s by the Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN), the German national standards organization. … Some DIN connector standards are: DIN 41524, for circular connectors often used for audio signals.
E2000 connector looks like a miniature SC connector. The connector is easy to install, with a push-pull latching mechanism that clicks when fully inserted. It features a spring-loaded shutter which fully protects the ferrule from dust and scratches.
MU Connector is a small form factor SC that looks like a miniature SC with a 1.25 mm ferrule. It is a popular connector type in Japan.
Fiber Optic Contacts
Fiber optic contacts, similar to the installation/processing of standard connectors, are widely used in “multi-contact Hybrid circular connectors” that contain from 2- 12 Fiber Optic contacts alongside electrical contacts. Examples are the Luxcis 801, Mil 29504, and others under various names and applications such as:
- Broadcast Industry
- Oil and Gas
- Commercial and Mil Aviation
EDITOR’S NOTE: This is the third article in an ongoing series, “Introduction to Fiber Optic Cable Assembly Manufacturing.”:
- Part 1: Components of the Fiber Optic Patch Cord and Optic Fiber Geometry
- Part 2: Key Components of Fiber Optic Connectors and Key Specifications of Connectors
- Part 3: The 101 on Fiber Optic Connector Types
- Part 4: Establishing Internal Industry Product Standards for Fiber Optic Assemblies
This article includes
- Key components of Fiber Optic Connectors and Key Specifications of Connectors
- Key components of fiber optic connectors
- Key specifications of connectors
- Connector housing
- Crimp sleeve
- Strain relief boot
- Key specifications of connectors
- Ferrule hole diameter
- Ferrule hole
- Ferrule hole to outside diameter (OD)
FOC Technical Paper for Download:
From the FOC Library of Blog Articles on Connectors:
- Polishing Tips and Best Practices for Single Fiber Connectors
- Proper crimping techniques are critical when terminating fiber optic connectors
- Why do fiber optic connectors fail? Cross-sectioning offers a view inside connectors – and insight into why they fail
- Cross-Sectioning Fiber Optic Connectors: An Effective Diagnostic Method to Identify Defects and Resolve Process Issues
- What is the Ideal Fiber Height for a Fiber Optic Connector?
- What is an SMA connector and why do we care?
- Polished Connector Geometries, APC – Part I
- Cross Sectioning of Fiber Optic Connectors: the three methods, advantages and disadvantages
- “How can I tell I have over-polished a connector?“ asked more often than you might think…
- The “weakest link” of a connectorized cable assembly and more…
- Assuring the correct amount of Epoxy is in the connector
- Changing your connector supplier
Additional resources to continue your education:
- FOC technical solution content: http://bit.ly/2yOzO4f
- Glossary, Acronyms, Military Specifications for Connectors: http://bit.ly/2a2EFn8
- Q&A Resource: email technical questions to AskFOC@focenter.com
Follow Mario Goduco @PolishExprtFOC